Human Gut Microbiome as an Indicator of Human Health

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20535/ibb.2021.5.4.244375

Keywords:

human intestine, gut microbiome, coronavirus, immune response, drug metabolism

Abstract

The undeniable achievement in the study of the gut microbiome as an association of different microorganisms, including viruses, that colonize various organs and systems of the body, is the establishment of the fact that some diseases that were consmicrobiotaidered as non-infectious can also be transmitted through microorganisms. This resulted in the gut microbiome being called a forgotten organ that could serve as an additional and kind of missing link for a more objective and better diagnosis and treatment of many diseases that were not considered infectious. The rapid development of gut microbiome research in recent years not only is connected with better understanding of the functioning of the microbiome by the scientific community, but also inseparable from the strategic support of each country. Global investment in researches, related to the human microbiome, has exceeded $1.7 billion over the past decade. These researches contribute to the development of new diagnostic methods and therapeutic interventions. Our review is dedicated to the analysis of the possibilities of application of the human gut microbiome for the diagnosis of diseases, and the role of the intestines in the provocation and causing of certain diseases. Significant differences in the composition and diversity of the human microbiome are shown depending on geographical location and the change of socio-economic formations towards a gradual decrease in the diversity of the gut microbiome due to three stages of human population’s existence: food production, agriculture and industrial urban life. We analyze the influence of dietary patterns, various diseases (including malignant neoplasms) and viral infections (in particular, coronavirus) on the gut microbiome. And vice versa – the influence of the gut microbiome on the drugs effect and their metabolism, which affects the host's immune response and course of the disease.

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Published

2021-12-23

How to Cite

1.
Ivanova A, Yalovenko O, Dugan A. Human Gut Microbiome as an Indicator of Human Health. Innov Biosyst Bioeng [Internet]. 2021Dec.23 [cited 2024Apr.15];5(4):207-19. Available from: http://ibb.kpi.ua/article/view/244375

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