Effect of Plants Morphological Parameters on Plant-Microbial Fuel Cell Efficiency
Keywords:vascular plant, biosystems efficiency, plant-microbial fuel cell, bioelectricity, bioelectrical system
Background. Plant-microbial fuel cell (PMFC) is an innovative biotechnology for the environmentally safe bioelectricity generation. The widespread use of bioelectrical systems (biosystems) is hindered by their insufficient efficiency due to limiting knowings of the relationship between bioelectricity generation and features of their biotechnological components.
Objective. Тhe purpose of this study was to analyze the role of the plants morphological parameters and structure features of biomodules on generation of bioelectricity.
Methods. Biometric, biogravimetric, voltammetric, and statistical analysis methods were used to assess the relationship between plant`s accumulated mass of leaf and roots, multielectrode design of biosystem and bioelectricity generation.
Results. PMFC based on sedge C. hirta with the largest accumulated total dry leaf/stem and root mass and also the rhizome-like and developed fibrous root system were characterized by the highest power output compared to other biosystems. The power density was 970 ± 22 mW m-2 PGA. The parallel stacking of biomodules leads to obtain current output about 108.7 mA. That is why the developed biotechnological systems can be recommended as a foundation for the development of power supply for WiFi microcontrollers that consume 100 mA or for charging batteries.
Conclusions. Sedge С. hirta were appeared as the more suitable plants for biological component of biosystem of bioelectricity generation. Power density of С. hirta based PMFC exceeded the one of based on other plants in 9.3–37.9%.The type and level of development of the root system and of the above-ground photosynthetic surface of plant are an important prognostic factors of the PMFC perfomance. A 10-fold increase of the electrode surface of one biomodule results in 3.95 times increase of power density at 200 W. The multielectrodeity biomodule reveals as another lever for increasing the efficiency of biosystems which allows obtaining significantly increase power density and current density in the range of electrical resistance from 50 to 500 W.
De Schamphelaire L, Van Den Bossche L, Hai SD, Höfte M, Boon N, Rabaey K, Verstraete W. Microbial fuel cells generating electricity from rhizodeposits of rice plants. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42(8):3053-8. DOI: 10.1021/es071938w
Kaku N, Yonezawa N, Kodama Y, Watanabe K. Plant/microbe cooperation for electricity generation in a rice paddy field. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2008;79(1):43-9. DOI: 10.1007/s00253-008-1410-9
Strik DPBTB, Hamelers HVM, Snel JFH, Buisman CJ. Green electricity production with living plants and bacteria in a fuel cell. Int J Energy Res. 2008;32(9):870-76. DOI: 10.1002/er.1397
Helder M, Strik DPBTB, Timmers RA, Raes SMT, Hamelers HVM, Buisman CJN. Resilience of roof-top plant-microbial fuel cells during Dutch winter. Biomass Bioenergy. 2013;51:1-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.10.011
Tapia NF, Rojas C, Bonilla CA, Vargas IT. A new method for sensing soil water content in green roofs using plant microbial fuel cells. Sensors (Basel). 2017;18(1):71. DOI: 10.3390/s18010071
Rusyn IB, Hamkalo КhR. Electro-biosystems with mosses on green roofs. Environ Res Eng Manag. 2020;76(1):20-31. DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.76.1.22212
Takanezawa K, Nishio K, Kato S, Hashimoto K, Watanabe K. Factors affecting electric output from rice-paddy microbial fuel cells. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2010;74(6):1271-3. DOI: 10.1271/bbb.90852
Kouzuma A, Kasai T, Nakagawa G, Yamamuro A, Abe T, Watanabe K. Comparative metagenomics of anode-associated microbiomes developed in rice paddy-field microbial fuel cells. PLoS One.2013;8(11):e77443. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077443
Dai J, Wang JJ, Chow AT, Conner WH. Electrical energy production from forest detritus in a forested wetland using microbial fuel cells. Global Change Biol Bioenergy. 2015;7(2):244-52. DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12117
Timmers RA, Strik DPBTB, Hamelers HVM, Buisman CJN. Long-term performance of a plant microbial fuel cell with Spartina anglica. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;86(3):973-81. DOI: 10.1007/s00253-010-2440-7
Rusyn IB, Valko BT. Container landscaping with Festuca arundinaceae as bioelectrical minisystems in modern buildings. Int J Energy Clean Environ. 2019;20(3):211-29. DOI: 10.1615/INTERJENERCLEANENV.2019026674
Apollon W, Luna-Maldonado AI, Kamaraj SK, Vidales-Contreras JA, Rodríguez-Fuentes H, Gómez-Leyva JF, et al. Self-sustainable nutrient recovery associated to power generation from livestock's urine using plant-based bio-batteries. Fuel. 2023;332:е126252. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2022.126252
Rusyn IB. Role of microbial community and plant species in perfomance of plant microbial fuel cells. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2021;152:e111697. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2021.111697
Sudirjo E, de Jager P, Buisman CJN, Strik DPBTB. Performance and long distance data acquisition via LoRa technology of a tubular plant microbial fuel cell located in a paddy field in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Sensors (Basel). 2019;19(21):4647. DOI: 10.3390/s19214647
de la Rosa EO, Castillo JV, Campos MC, Pool GRB, Nunez GB, Atoche AC, et al. Plant microbial fuel cells – based energy harvester system for self-powered IoT applications. Sensors (Basel). 2019;19(6):1378. DOI: 10.3390/s19061378
Gоmora-Hernаndez JC, Serment-Guerrero JH, Carreno-de-Leоn MC, Flores-Alamo N. Voltage production in a plant-microbial fuel cell using Agapanthus africanus. Rev Mex Ing Quіm. 2020;19(1):227-37. DOI: 10.24275/rmiq/IA542
Apollon W, Luna-Maldonado AI, Kamaraj SK, Vidales-Contreras JA, Rodríguez-Fuentes H, Gómez-Leyva JF, et al. Progress and recent trends in photosynthetic assisted microbial fuel cells: A review. Biomass Bioenerg. 2021;148:е106028. DOI: 10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2021.106028
Jawre AK, Sandhu SS. Production of green electricity from Cynodon dactylon in plant-bio-photovoltaic device. Int J Environ SciTechnol. 2021;19(6):1-8. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-021-03518-5
Pamintuan KRS, Clomera JAA, Garcia KV, Ravara GR, Salamat EJG. Stacking of aquatic plant-microbial fuel cells growing water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) and water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes). Іn: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 191. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Water Resource and Environment; 2018 July 17–21; Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. IOP Publishing; 2018. е012054. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/191/1/012054
Arulmani SRB, Gnanamuthu HL, Kandasamy S, Govindarajan G, Alsehli M, Elfasakhany A, Pugazhendhi A, Zhang H. Sustainable bioelectricity production from Amaranthus viridis and Triticum aestivum mediated plant microbial fuel cells with efficient electrogenic bacteria selections. Proc Biochem. 2021;107:27-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.procbio.2021.04.015
Apollon W, Valera-Montero LL, Perales-Segovia C, Maldonado-Ruelas VA, Ortiz-Medina RA, Gómez-Leyva JF, et al. Effect of ammonium nitrate on novel cactus pear genotypes aided by biobattery in a semi-arid ecosystem. Sustain Energy Technol Asses. 2022;49:е101730. DOI: 10.1016/j.seta.2021.101730
Kabutey FT, Zhao Q, Wei L, Ding J, Antwi P, Quashie FK, et al. An overview of plant microbial fuel cells (PMFCs): Configurations and applications. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2019;110:402-14. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2019.05.016
Chen B, Cai W, Garg A. Relationship between bioelectricity and soil-water characteristics of biochar-aided plant microbial fuel cell. Acta Geotechnica. 2023. DOI: 10.1007/s11440-022-01787-z
Regmi R, Nitisoravut R. Azolla enhances electricity generation of paddy microbial fuel cell. ASEAN Eng J. 2020;10(1):55-63. DOI: 10.11113/AEJ.V10.15539
Helder M, Strik DPBTB, Hamelers HVM, Kuhn AJ, Blok C, Buisman CJN. Concurrent bio-electricity and biomass production in three plant-microbial fuel cells using Spartina anglica, Arundinella anomala and Arundo donax. Biores Technol. 2010;101(10):3541-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.12.124
Wang J, Song X, Wang Y, Bai J, Li M, Dong G, et al. Bioenergygeneration and rhizodegradation as affected by microbial community distribution in a coupled constructed wetland-microbial fuel cell system associated with three macrophytes. Sci Total Environ. 2017;607-608:53-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.243
Oodally A, Gulamhussein M, Randall DG. Investigating the performance ofconstructed wetland microbial fuel cells using three indigenous South Africanwetland plants. J Water Proc Eng. 2019;32:100930. DOI: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.100930
Nguyen V, Regmi R, Nitisoravut R. Defoliation of forage grass in plant microbial fuel cell: feedback on the power generation. ResearchGate [Preprint] 2020. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.14879.38565
Apollon W, Vidales-Contreras JA, Rodríguez-Fuentes H, Gómez-Leyva JF, Olivares-Sáenz E, Maldonado-Ruelas VA, et al. Livestock’s urine-based plant microbial fuel cells improve plant growth and power generation. Energies. 2022;15(19):6985. DOI: 10.3390/en15196985
Sophia AC, Sreeja S. Green energy generation from plant microbial fuel cells(PMFC) using compost and a novel clay separator. Sustain Energy Technol. 2017;21:59-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.seta.2017.05.001
Oh S-E, Logan BE. Proton exchange membrane and electrode surface areas as factors that affect power generation in microbial fuel cells. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006;70(2):162-9. DOI: 10.1007/s00253-005-0066-y
Jung SP, Pandit S. Important factors influencing microbial fuel cell performance. In: Venkata Mohan S, Varjani S, Pandey A, editors. Microbial electrochemical technology: sustainable platform for fuels, chemicals and remediation. Biomass, biofuels, biochemicals. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2019. рр. 377-406. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-64052-9.00015-7
Yu J. Effects of a hydraulic series connection and flow direction on electricity generation in a stack connected with different volume MFCs. Appl Sci. 2021;11(3):1019. DOI: 10.3390/app11031019
Rusyn IB, Medvediev OV, Vаlko BТ. Enhancement of bioelectric parameters of multi-electrode plant–microbial fuel cells by combining of serial and parallel connection. Int J Environ Sci Technol. 2021;18(6):1323-34. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-020-02934-3
Pinto H, Sharwood RE, Tissue DT, Ghannoum O. Photosynthesis of C3, C3–C4, and C4 grasses at glacial CO2. J Exp Bot. 2014;65(13):3669-81. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/eru155
Rusyn I, Medvediev O. Novel compact PMFC based on decorative or culinary plants as a biobattery for low-energy consuming devices. SSRN [Preprint] 2022. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.4201005
Azri YM, Tou I, Sadi M, Benhabyles L. Bioelectricity generation from threeornamental plants: Chlorophytum comosum, Chasmanthe floribunda and Papyrus diffusus. Int J Green Energy. 2018;15(4):254-63. DOI: 10.1080/15435075.2018.1432487
Pamintuan KR, Katipunan AM, Palaganas PA, Caparanga AR. An analysis of the stacking potential and efficiency of plant-microbial fuel cells growing green beans (Vigna ungiculata ssp. sesquipedalis). Int J Renew Energy Develop. 2020;9:439-47. DOI: 10.14710/ijred.2020.29898
Apollon W, Luna-Maldonado AI, Vidales-Contreras JA, Rodríguez-Fuentes H, Gómez-Leyva JF, Kamaraj SK, et al. Performance of electrical energy monitoring data acquisition system for plant-based microbial fuel cell. J Exp Biol Agricult Sci. 2022;10(2):387-95. DOI: 10.18006/2022.10(2).387.395
Wang C, Guo L, Li Y, Wang Z. Systematic comparison of C3 and C4 plants based on metabolic network analysis. BMC Syst Biol. 2012;6(Suppl 2):S9. DOI: 10.1186/1752-0509-6-S2-S9
Culpepper T, Young J, Montague T, Wherley B. Physiological responses in C3 and C4 Turfgrasses under soil water deficit. HortScience: a publication of the American Society for Horticultural Science 2019;54(12):2249-56. DOI: 10.21273/HORTSCI14357-19
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The ownership of copyright remains with the Authors.
Authors may use their own material in other publications provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication and National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” as the Publisher.
Authors are reminded that it is their responsibility to comply with copyright laws. It is essential to ensure that no part of the text or illustrations have appeared or are due to appear in other publications, without prior permission from the copyright holder.IBB articles are published under Creative Commons licence:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under CC BY 4.0 that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.