Recombinant Probiotic Preparations: Current State, Development and Application Prospects

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20535/ibb.2022.6.3-4.268349

Keywords:

genetic engineering, biotherapy, living microorganisms, cell-factory, metabolic disorders, immune stimulants, probiotic-based vaccines

Abstract

The article is devoted to the latest achievements in the field of research, development, and implementation of various types of medicinal products based on recombinant probiotics. The benefits of probiotics, their modern use in medicine along with the most frequently used genera and species of probiotic microorganisms were highlighted. The medicinal and therapeutic activities of the studied probiotics were indicated. The review suggests various methods of creating recombinant probiotic microorganisms, including standard genetic engineering methods, as well as systems biology approaches and new methods of using the CRISPR-Cas system. The range of potential therapeutic applications of drugs based on recombinant probiotics was proposed. Special attention was paid to modern research on the creation of new, more effective recombinant probiotics that can be used for various therapeutic purposes. Considering the vast diversity of therapeutic applications of recombinant probiotics and ambiguous functions, their use for the potential treatment of various common human diseases (non-infectious and infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, metabolic disorders, and allergic conditions) was investigated. The prospects for creating different types of vaccines based on recombinant probiotics together with the prospects for their implementation into medicine were considered. The possibilities of using recombinant probiotics in veterinary medicine, particularly for the prevention of domestic animal diseases, were reviewed. The prospects for the implementation of recombinant probiotics as vaccines and diagnostic tools for testing certain diseases as well as modeling the work of the human digestive system were highlighted. The risks of creation, application, including the issues related to the regulatory sphere regarding the use of new recombinant microorganisms, which can potentially enter the environment and cause unforeseen circumstances, were outlined.

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2023-02-15

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Khablenko A, Danylenko S, Yalovenko O, Duhan O, Potemskaia O, Prykhodko D. Recombinant Probiotic Preparations: Current State, Development and Application Prospects. Innov Biosyst Bioeng [Internet]. 2023Feb.15 [cited 2024May28];6(3-4):119-47. Available from: http://ibb.kpi.ua/article/view/268349

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