Systems for Genetic Assessment of the Impact of Environmental Factors

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20535/ibb.2024.8.2.288127

Keywords:

genome, deoxyribonucleic acid damage, genotoxicity, carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, mutation test system

Abstract

One of the most important components of environmental protection is the development of hygiene standards aimed at shielding the human population from the adverse effects of environmental pollution. The European and American Chemical Societies have reported approximately 800,000 chemicals, with no available information on potential risks to human genetic health and negative environmental impact. Given the exponential increase in chemical compounds generated by humanity in various industries, the issue of effectivly identifying and accounting for various genetic and carcinogenic hazards is particularle relevant. The assessment of potential genotoxicity of environmental factors is an integral part of genetic safety assessment for both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, including humans. The evaluation of the genetic activity of chemical compounds is a fundamentsl requirement for their comprehensive toxicological assessment. From the perspective of genetic and epigenetic mechanisms of influence, our review considers standard methods for detecting and assessing the potential genetic hazard associated with environmental factors. These methods are part of a standard, generally accepted test system battery. Additionally, the review covers some modern experimental methods that are not widely accepted today. A detailed analysis of approaches to the assessment of potential genetic mutagenic activity was carried out, presenting their main advantages and disadvantages. Taking into account the recommendations issued by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Deve­lopment on testing hazardous chemical compounds that may affect human health, an attempt was made to find optimal approaches to solving the task of predicting genetic effects and their consequences for humans.

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2024-03-25

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Kislyak S, Dugan O, Yalovenko O. Systems for Genetic Assessment of the Impact of Environmental Factors. Innov Biosyst Bioeng [Internet]. 2024Mar.25 [cited 2024Jun.23];8(2):3-27. Available from: http://ibb.kpi.ua/article/view/288127

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