Designing Formulation for Aerated Desserts for the HoReCa Field
Keywords:mathematical modeling, aerated desserts, collagen hydrolyzate, nutritional composition
Background. An important problem of modern society is to provide the population with food products that guarantee a higher standard of living and health. The field of HoReCa (hotel and restaurant business) does not sell enough healthy food products, therefore it is important to develop health-promoting food products. Among the wide range of food products, whipped dessert products are in great demand among consumers. The work is devoted to the development of formulation for aerated desserts, namely mousses of protective action, which have pronounced ergogenic properties that can increase efficiency, accelerate recovery, protect the body from stress. When developing the composition of mousses, we paid considerable attention to the study of the nutrient composition of the raw material, its changes during the technological processes of product development. The devepoled mousse formula includes the food additive collagen hydrolyzate the functional property of which is the renewal of intra-articular fluid and the construction of cartilage. Also, the collagen hydrolyzate promotes collagen production and can also be used to prevent the development of degenerative conditions of the musculoskeletal system.
Objective. We aimed to design formulations for the production of protective mousses with the optimal ratio of basic nutrients and by supplementation with an additional component – collagen hydrolyzate – to increase the nutritional and biological value of finished products, as well as to expand the range of health food products, in particular aerated desserts.
Methods. We optimized the mousses formulation taking into account the recommendations for the daily human need for the main macronutrients using mathematical modeling employing MS Excel. The qualitative and quantitative composition of microbiota during storage were analysed in accordance with DSTU 4503:2005 "Cheese products. General technical conditions". The organoleptic evaluation was performed using the sensory method on indicators according to DSTU 3718:2007 "Food concentrates. Sweet dishes, jellies, mousses, puddings, milk concentrates. General technical conditions". High-performance liquid chromatography was used to determine the micronutrient content.
Results. We analysed such indicators of mousses as amino acid score and macronutrient content. The study of the amino acid composition showed that the consumption of 100 g of mousses "Cream-cheese" and "Strawberry" satisfies the daily human need in valine by 12.97% and 5.93% respectively. The developed products have a high content of all essential for the human body micronutrients, namely sulfur, calcium, phosphorus and potassium. We found that the shelf-life of mousses is 5 days at the temperature of 5 ± 1 °C in a glass container. Such microorganisms as bacteria of the Escherichia coli group, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp. were not detected during the entire shelf-life, that meets the requirements of regulatory documents and indicates the sanitary cleanliness and safety of the products. We have experimentally established the rational amount of collagen hydrolyzate food additive that is 3% by weight of the prescription composition of the product.
Conclusions. We developed the mousse formulations comprised the supplement of a food additive of collagen hydrolyzate, which made it possible to obtain products balanced in biological value and with improved consumer properties, taking into account the norms for a person's daily need for basic macronutrients. We obtained products of high consumer quality and biological value by supplementation the recipe composition with a collagen hydrolyzate.
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