Biodegrading Properties of the Microbiocenosis of Iron and Manganese Removal Rapid Filters for Groundwater

Olena Panchenko


Background. Determining the composition of the microbiocenosis of iron and manganese removal filters aims to expand the idea of its properties and interactions between its components, which is relevant for finding new filter beds, as well as for choosing combinations of microbiocenosis and optimal filter bed.

Objective. The aim of the work is to study the species composition of the microbiocenosis of rapid filters of iron and manganese removal and to establish the cause of the biodegradable properties of the microbiocenosis of rapid filters.

Methods. The study was performed using the iron and manganese removal filter bed from a pilot well in Khoroshiv, Zhytomyr region. The source water characterizes by high iron (15–25 mg/l) and manganese (2.0–2.3 mg/l) content. To identify microorganisms, cultures were performed on nutrient media.

Results. At the time of the experiment on the 10, 20 and 25th days of the filter cycle in the microbiocenosis about a third were iron- and manganese-oxidizing bacteria. The efficiency of iron removal was quite high and ranged from 87–97%. For manganese, the removal efficiency ranged from 83 to 89%. Pseudomonas bacteria were found in the microbiocenosis and it was determined that they are responsible for enhancing the biodegradable properties of the microbiocenosis due to synergistic interactions with iron- and manganese-oxidizing bacteria.

Conclusions. It has been established that Pseudomonas bacteria must be present in the microbiocenosis for the effective iron and manganese removal process. Pseudomonas bacteria give microbiocenosis biodegradable properties due to synergism.


Iron removal; Rapid filters; Microbiocenosis of rapid filter bed; Synergism


National report on drinking water quality and drinking water supply in Ukraine in 2018 [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 May 10]. Available from:

Zeng H, Yin C, Zhang J, Li D. Start-up of a biofilter in a full-scale groundwater treatment plant for iron and manganese removal. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Mar;16(5):698. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16050698

Kravchenko O. The role of microorganisms in the removal of high concentrations of iron from water on filters with zeolite loading. In: Actual problems of heat and gas supply and ventilation, water supply and drainage systems. 2015;102-3.

Kravchenko O. Study biocenosis in loading filters for removing iron and manganese and method of settlement them the zeolite. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. 2015;5(6):39-43. DOI: 10.15587/1729-4061.2015.51056

Kravchenko A, Chernova N, Panchenko E, Kosygina I, Yakupova I. Role of microorganisms in water purification of compounds of iron and manganese in a dense layer of sorbent–catalyst. J Water Chem Technol. 2016;38:294-300. DOI: 10.3103/S1063455X16050088

Whitman W. Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology. New York: Bergey’s Manual Trust; 2011.

Banh A, Chavez V, Doi J, Nguyen A, Hernandez S, Ha V, et al. Manganese (Mn) oxidation increases intracellular Mn in Pseudomonas putida GB-1. PLoS One. 2013 Oct;8(10):77835. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077835

Parker DL, Lee SW, Geszvain K, Davis RE, Gruffaz C, Meyer JM, et al. Pyoverdine synthesis by the Mn(II)-oxidizing bacterium Pseudomonas putida GB-1. Front Microbiol. 2014 May;5:202. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00202

Geszvain K, Smesrud L, Tebo BM. Identification of a third Mn(II) oxidase enzyme in Pseudomonas putida GB-1. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2016 Jun;82(13):3774-82. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.00046-16

Emerson D, Fleming JE, Mcbeth J. Iron-oxidizing bacteria: an environmental and genomic perspective. Ann Rev Microbiol. 2010;64:561-83. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.micro.112408.134208

Piazza A, Ciancio Casalini L, Pacini VA, Sanguinetti G, Ottado J, et al. Environmental bacteria involved in manganese(II) oxidation and removal from groundwater. Front Microbiol. 2019;10:119. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.00119

GOST Style Citations

Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.