The Use of Luminos Bacteria Photobacterium phosphoreum as a Bioindicator of Geomagnetic Activity

Authors

  • Yuriy Gorgo Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, Ukraine
  • Igor Gretsky D.C. Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology, NAS of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • Olha Demydova Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20535/ibb.2018.2.4.151459

Keywords:

Geomagnetic activity, Bioluminescence, Bioindication, Intensity, Photobacterium phosphoreum

Abstract

Background. An actual problem is determination of features of different micro-organisms for the activity bioindication of environment geophysical parameter state.

Objective. The aim of the paper is to determine correlation dependences between values of luminescence intensity of bacteria Photobacterium phosphoreum and factors determining geomagnetic activity.

Methods. The optimum parameters of suspension were determined for research of bioluminescence intensity as a bioindicator of the geomagnetic field state. The monitoring of specific intensity of bacteria luminescence has been carried out for 2 months and it was compared to the daily values of activity of the geomagnetic field in the conditions of Kiev, during the research of bioluminescence. Vari­ation determination of the geomagnetic field was conducted from data of Space Environment Center, NOAA & U.S. Air Force. Description of sun activity was conducted with the use of the "Wolf numbers" and flux of sun radio radiation at a wavelength 10,7 сm.

Results. The correlation coefficients of changes of bacteria bioluminescence intensity daily values were calculated and compared to the K-index and Ap-index values, "Wolf numbers", and flux of sun radio radiation. The inverse proportional reliable average correlation was defined R = -0,41 between the values of specific bacterial luminescence and the K-indexes of the geomagnetical field, and with the values of flux of sun radio radiation – reliable directly proportional correlation. It is shown, that at the geomagnetic field variation intensity increase there is reduction of values of bacteria bioluminescence specific intensity.

Conclusions. The presence of reliable inverse dependence between K-indexes of geomagnetic field is shown and specific intensity of the P. rhosphoreum luminescence, the correlation coefficient in months with increased geomagnetic activity was R = -0,51. The use of the automated system of the luminescent bacteria luminescence intensity monitoring allows better forecasting in time the manifestations of indignations of the Earth’s magnetic field.

References

Piruzjan LA, Kuznetsov AN. Action of the permanent and lowfrequency magnetic fields on the biological systems. Izv AN USSR Ser Biological. 1983;6:805-21.

Gromozova EN, Voychuk SI, Zelena LB, Gretskey IA. Microorganisms as model system for studying the biological effects of electromagnetic non-ionizing radiation. Safety Eng. 2012;2(3): 89-92. DOI: 10.7562/SE2012.2.02.06

Ermolaev YuI, Ermolaev MYu. Sun and interplanetary sources of geomagnetical storms: the aspects of space weather. Geophysical Processes and Biosphere. 2009;8(1):5-35.

Mayaud PN. Derivation, meaning and use of geomagnetic indices. AGU Geophysical Monograph; 1980. 367 p.

Klimenco MO, Prischepa AM, Voznjuk NM. Monitoring of environment. Kyiv: Academy; 2006. 360 p.

Opekunova MG. Bioindication of contaminations. SPb: St. Petersburg University Press; 2004. 187 p.

Berganskaya LYu. Biological activity of bacteria how the indicator of geomagnetical perturbation. Biophysics. 1995;40(4):780-81.

Berganskaya LYu. Luminescent and population instability of photo bacterium in the periods of geomagnetic perturbation. Scientific Notes of Taurida National VI Vernadsky University Ser Biol Chem. 2004;56(1):127-30.

Kuts VV, Ismailov AD. Physiological and emission descriptions Photobacterium phosphoreum from the White sea. Microbiology. 2009;78(5):612-17.

Gretskey IA. System of express-estimation of biological action of unionizing electromagnetic radiation with the use of Photobacterium phosphoreum IMV V-7071 [author's abstract]. Kyiv; 2017. 24 p.

Gorgo YuP, Razumovsky AK. To the question of determination influencing low frequency parameters of the Earth magnetic field on biological objects. Young Scientist. 2015;6(1):8-11.

Solar terrestrial activity report [Internet]. Solen.info. 2018 [cited November 2015]. Available from: http://www.solen.info/solar/

Solar radiation [Internet]. Leksika.com.ua. 2018 [cited November 2015]. Available from: leksika.com.ua/15481114/ure/sonyachna_radiatsiya

Published

2018-12-20

How to Cite

1.
Gorgo Y, Gretsky I, Demydova O. The Use of Luminos Bacteria Photobacterium phosphoreum as a Bioindicator of Geomagnetic Activity. Innov Biosyst Bioeng [Internet]. 2018Dec.20 [cited 2024Jun.13];2(4):271-7. Available from: http://ibb.kpi.ua/article/view/151459

Issue

Section

Articles