Priority Directions of Development of Ecobiotechnology. 1. Environmental Biotechnology




Environmental biotechnologies, Ecobiotechnology, Bioenergy, Biotesting, Ecosystem processes, Waste treatment, Biodegradation


Total development of society through technogenesis and strengthening of its influence on the biosphere has led to conflict between humanity, on the one hand, and its environment, on the other. Elimination of all these problems is impossible without the use of the latest environmental technologies or ecobiotechnologies for waste water treatment, disposal of hazardous gas emissions, using of promising ways of solid and liquid industrial waste utilization, environmental pollution diagnostics, the efficiency improvement of contaminated soil biological recovery, the replacement of a number of agrochemicals on biotechnological products, to name a few. Today, biotechnology is present in one component or another in all the trends of the developed countries of the world. By incorporating the results of the research of the aforementioned sciences, biotechnology has become the driving force of the 21st century. The article defines the subject of environmental biotechnology as an independent field of biotechnology and presents current trends in the development of environmental biotechnologies, focuses on the world-view importance of ecobiotechnology in comparison with traditional – industrial biotechnology. Classical traditional biotechnology, as part of the technology of an industrial society, answers the question "How to make money?" The main goal of traditional biotechnology is to increase the added value (receiving of profit is above all). Ecological biotechnology as an integral part of the future society (Knowledge Society) answers the question "How to coexist?" and aims to increase the quality and safety of life of society members, which differs from traditional industrial biotechnology. The following priority directions of ecological biotechnology, such as biotesting, optimization of ecosystem processes, recycling, and utilization of civilian waste, water, air and soil purification, are substantiated. Solving the problems of each of these areas, both theoretically and practically, can be done not only thanks to ecological biotechnology. However, the use of ecobiotechnology in many cases is the most optimal solution. The biotechnology of environmental protection, which includes technologies for the purification of all three of its main components (water, soil, and air), is a key approach to prevent anthropogenic environmental impact, as well as to overcome the consequences of man-made accidents with the release of harmful compounds into the environment.

Author Biographies

Yevgeniy Kuzminskyy, Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute

Євгеній Васильович Кузьмінський

Kateryna Shchurska, Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute

Катерина Олександрівна Щурська


Kiselev VN, Nechaeva EK. Innovation objectives of the present-day state priorities in science: Brief review of international experience. Innovatsii. 2015;7(201):46-53.

Kondratyuk EL, Mironova DS. System of technological forecasting and determination of priorities for the development of science and technology in France. Innovatika i Ekspertiza. 2015;1(14):231-45.

Voinov A. National scientific and technological policy of China. Birzha Intellektualnoy Sobstvennosti. 2015;XIV(3):38-41.

Bredikhin SV, Gershman MA, Kuznetsova TE. Technology governance: Foreign practices. Innovatsii. 2015;6(200):71-83.

Dezhina IG. BRICS countries possible areas for scientific cooperation. Mirovaya Ekonomika i Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya. 2015;9:14-23.

Presidential Decree of July 7, 2011 N 899 "On approval of the priority directions of development of science, technology and engineering in the Russian Federation and the list of critical technologies of the Russian Federation".

Shpak AP, Gurzhiy AM. Forecast of Ukraine's scientific and technological and innovative development. Kyiv: Feniks; 2006. 160 p.

Kuzminskyy YV, Golub NB, Kuhar VP. Subject and educational aspects of ecobiotechnology. Vyscha Osvita Ukrainy. 2007;2:55-62.

Kuhar VP, Kuzminskiy YV, Ignatyuk OA, Golub NB. Ecobiotechnology and bioenergetics: Establishment and development problems. Visnyk NAN Ukrainy. 2005;9:3-18.

Kuzminskyy YV, Golub NB, Schurska KO. Physical and physico-chemical methods in biotechnology. Naukovyj Visnyk ChNU. 2009;453(20):19-34.

Rand GM. Fundamentals of aquatic toxicology: Effects, environmental fate, and risk assessment. 2nd ed. North Palm Beach Florida: Ecological Services Inc.; 2003. 1125 p.

Taylor RF, Schultz JS. Handbook of chemical and biological sensors. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1996. 604 p.

Kuzminskyy YV, Schurska KO, Golub NB. Biological and chemical sensor systems. Electrochemical basis of sensory technologies [Internet]. Kyiv: NTUU KPI; 2011. 202 p. Available from:

Kuzminskyy YV, Schurska KO. Biological and chemical sensor systems Concepts, definitions and bases of sensors [Internet]. Kyiv: NTUU KPI; 2012. 239 p. Available from:

Enger DE, Smith DF. Environmental science: A study of interrelationships. 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1997. 456 p.

Reymers NF. Ecology (theories, laws, rules, principles and hypotheses). Мoscow: Rossiya Molodaya; 1994. 366 p.

Golub NB. Scientific and technological bases of renewable raw materials conversion in biohydrogen, biomethane and biodiesel [DSc thesis]. NTUU KPI; 2015.

Gvozdyak PI. Bioconveyor: "Ukrainian modification" of activated sludge technology. Vodopostachannya ta Vodovidvedennya. 2014;1:29-32.

Sabliy LA, Kuzminskyy YV, Zhukova VS, Kozar MY. New technologies for biological treatment of domestic and industrial wastewaters. Vodopostachannya ta Vodovidvedennya. 2014;3: 24-33.

Sabliy LA. Physico-chemical and biological treatment of highly concentrated waste water. Manuscript [DSc thesis]. NTUU KPI; 2012.

Gvozdyak PI. Based on the principle of bioconveyer. Biotechnology of environment safety. Visnyk NAN Ukrainy. 2003;3:29-36.

World Energy Focus 2017 [Internet]. Available from: WEF-WEC_Annual_2017_Web_LowRes.pdf

Shestopalov OV, Pitak IV. Analysis of existent processes and devices of bioscrubbing gas emissions. Technology Audit and Production Reserves. 2014;5(17):49-52.



How to Cite

Kuzminskyy Y, Shchurska K. Priority Directions of Development of Ecobiotechnology. 1. Environmental Biotechnology. Innov Biosyst Bioeng [Internet]. 2018Apr.2 [cited 2023Jun.9];2(1):22-3. Available from: